Assam is home to Five National Parks and Eighteen Wildlife Sanctuaries, the highest concentration in India, which are host to 25 percent of India’s floristic wealth and enormous faunal diversity including one-horned rhino,pygmy hog, hoolock gibbon, tiger, etc. Manas National Park, also a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a constituent unit of the Eastern Himalayan Biodiversity region and is one of the two biodiversity “Hot spots” in the country. With more than 950 species of Birds, Assam is also home to 50% of the total bird species found in the Indian Subcontinent. The mystery of birds’ suicide at Jatinga, is a subject of interest of all nature lovers and researchers.
Details of National Parks in Assam:
|Name of National Park||Main Attractions||Name of District|
|Kaziranga National Park||One Horned Rhino, Elephant, Tiger, Wild Buffalo, Swamp Deer, Sambar, Wild Boar||Golaghat, Nagaon and Biswanath|
|Manas National Park||Tiger, Leopard, One Horned Rhino, Elephant, Red Panda, Assam Roofed Turtle, Hispid Hare, Golden Langur, Pygmy Hog, Wild Water Buffalo||Baksa|
|Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park||One Horned Rhino, Tiger, Leopard, Elephant, Barking Deer, Swamp Deer, Hog Deer, Wild Boar||Sonitpur|
|Nameri National Park||Tigers, Asian Elephants, Gaur, Dhole, Himalayan Black Bear, Sloth Bear, Giant Indian Squirrel||Sonitpur|
|Dibru-Saikhowa National Park||Large variety of Birds, Feral Horses, Elephant, Asiatic Water Buffalo, River Dolphin||Tinsukia|
Kaziranga National Park in the State of Awesome Assam in India is a World Heritage Site famous for its population of the endangered One Horned Rhinoceros Species. Kaziranga National Park has the highest population of the One Horned Rhinoceros anywhere in the World. It is also a Tiger Reserve and has the highest population density of Tigers among the protected areas in the World. Kaziranga also boasts of having the highest population density of Indian Elephants, Asiatic Wild Water Buffaloes and Swamp Deer in India. Being a vast expanse of Tall Elephant grasslands this National Park of India is home many other species of Flora, Fauna and Avifauna.
Kaziranga was designated as a Reserve Forest in early 1908 and later as the Kaziranga Game Sanctuary in 1916 wherein hunting was allowed within the premises of Kaziranga. Hunting was prohibited here in 1938 and Kaziranga was renamed as the Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary in 1950 finally to be declared as the Kaziranga National Park in 1968. Kaziranga National Park was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 and a Project Tiger Reserve in 2006. Kaziranga National Park is also recognized as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International for conservation of avifaunal species.
One of the most attractive wildlife destinations in Asia, Kaziranga National Park is divided into four ranges namely Agaratoli (Eastern Range), Kohora (Central Range), Bagodi (Western Range) and the Burapahar Range. Visitors to the Kaziranga National Park can explore the varied Flora and Fauna here on a Jeep Safari or on an Elephant Safari. Agaratoli is the largest range where one can sight the Indian Tigers. Kohora is the most visited range owing to being home to the majority of the Indian Rhinoceros at Kaziranga National Park. Visitors to Kaziranga can also choose to go on a River Safari at the confluence of the Dhansiri and Brahmaputra rivers to sight river dolphins, aquatic species and migratory birds.
Some of the varied fauna species found at the Kaziranga National Park in Awesome Assam are jungle cats, hispid hare, Indian gray mongoose, large Indian civet, Bengal fox, golden jackal, sloth bear, Chinese pangolin, Indian pangolins, hog badger, Chinese ferret badgers, and particoloured flying squirrel. At Kaziranga National Park, 9 of the 14 primate species found in India occur in the park with the prominent being the Assamese macaque, capped and golden langur, as well as the only ape found in India, the hoolock gibbon. Kaziranga is one of the few wild breeding areas outside Africa for multiple species of large cats, such as Bengal tigers and leopards. The rivers flowing across Kaziranga are also home to the endangered Ganges dolphin.
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The Manas National Park in the State of Awesome Assam in India is a UNESCO World Heritage Site (1985) famous for its population of the Endangered Indian One Horned Rhinoceros species, Indian Tiger, Asiatic Wild Water Buffalo, Indian Elephants, Golden Langur and the Pygmy Hog. Contiguous to the Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan, Manas is also a project Tiger Reserve (1973), an Elephant Reserve and a Biosphere Reserve (1989).
Manas National Park derives its name from the River Manas which flows across the Manas National Park. River Manas derives its name from the serpent Goddess Manasa. Manas National Park is located at the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas and it covers across five districts of Awesome Assam viz. Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baksa, Ualguri and Darrang.
Dominant Fauna to be found at the Manas National Park in Awesome Assam are the likes of Indian rhinoceros, bengal florican, slow loris, capped langur, wild pig, sambar, great hornbill, Black giant squirrel, Indian elephants, Indian rhinoceros, Asian water buffaloes, barasingha, Indian tigers, Indian leopards, clouded leopards,capped langurs, golden langurs, Assamese macaques, slow loris, hoolock gibbons, smooth-coated otters, sloth bears, barking deers, hog deers, black panthers, sambar deers and chitals, etc.
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The Nameri National Park is located in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas, straddles the border between Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Located at a distance of 181 kilometers from Guwahati, it is just the place for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers with its breathtaking natural beauty and diverse flora and fauna. The Nameri National Park is one of the National Parks in Assam that provide tourists the option of trekking into the Wilds (accompanied by forest guards) to spot the majestic tiger species at the Nameri Tiger Reserve viewpoint. It is also less frequented by tourists thereby avoiding the hustle bustle at other National Parks of importance in the State.
Nameri was declared as a Reserve Forest in 1978 and later as Nameri Wildlife Sanctuary in 1985. In order to protect the forests of Nameri from heavy logging it was declared as the Nameri National Park in 1998.
Nameri National Park is formed of evergreen and deciduous forests filled with cane and bamboo plants. The river Jia Bhoreli flows across the heart of the Nameri National Park. Mishing tribal villages surround the Nameri National Park.
Dominant Fauna to be found at the Nameri National Park and Tiger Reserve in Awesome Assam are the likes of the Indian tigers, sambar, pygmy hog, Indian wild bison, leopard, clouded leopard, muntjac, gaur, leopard cat, wild boar, sloth bear, capped langur, Himalayan black bear, Indian giant squirrel, etc. Nameri National Park is also a birdwatcher’s paradise with over 300 avifauna species spotted here. Species of birds found at Nameri National Park are the white winged wood duck, great pied hornbill, wreathed hornbill, rufous necked hornbill, black stork, ibisbill, blue-bearded bee-eaters, babblers, plovers, etc.
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- ORANG NATIONAL PARK, AWESOME ASSAM ~
The Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park is often referred to as the mini Kaziranga National Park since the two parks have a similar landscape made up of marshes, streams and grasslands. The Orang National Park has a rich Flora and Fauna, including the Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros, Pigmy Hog, Indian Elephants, Wild Buffalo and Tigers. It is the only stronghold of Rhinoceros on the North Bank of the Brahmaputra River.
Orang was declared as a Game Reserve in 1919 by the erstwhile British regime in Assam. Orang was established as the Orang Wildlife Sanctuary in 1985 and later as the Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park in 1999. The Orang National Park is located in the Darrang and Sonitpur districts of the State of Awesome Assam. Orang National Park lies on the North bank of the River Brahmaputra with the rivers Pachnoi, Belsini and Dhansiri bordering the park.
Dominant Fauna to be found at the Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park in Awesome Assam are the likes of The great Indian one-horned rhinoceros, the royal Bengal tiger, Asiatic elephants, pygmy hog, hog deer and wild boar, Indian pangolin, rhesus macaque, Bengal porcupine, hog deer, Indian fox, otter, leopard cat, fishing cat, small Indian civet, jungle cat, etc. Bird species to be found at the Orang National Park are the likes of great white pelican, black-necked stork, greater adjutant stork, lesser adjutant stork, ruddy shelduck, gadwall, brahminy duck, mallard, pintail, hornbills, Pallas’s fish eagle, kingfisher, woodpecker, etc.
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is known for its population of White winged wood duck in its natural habitat and also for its bright colored wild horses known as Feral Horses that are descendants of the domestic horses that strayed, escaped, or were deliberately released into the wild and remained to survive and reproduce there. Famous across the United States as ‘Mustangs’, Australia as ‘Brumby’, ‘Misaki’ in Japan these horses are a prized breed to watch out for at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park.
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park was originally created in order to protect the habitat of the rare white winged wood duck. Dibru-Saikhowa was declared as a reserve forest in 1890. The area was later declared as the Dibru-Saikhowa Wildlife Sanctuary in 1995 and later went on to form the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park in 1999. Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is bounded by the Brahmaputra and Lohit rivers and is filled with evergreen and deciduous forests.
Dominant Fauna to be found at the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park in Awesome Assam are the likes of the Royal Bengal tigers, Indian leopard, clouded leopard, jungle cat, sloth bear, dhole, slow loris, pig tailed macaque, Assamese macaque, capped langur, Hoolock gibbon, Asian elephants, wild boar, Sambar deer, hog deer, barking deer, feral horses, etc. Bird species recorded at the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park in Awesome Assam include greater adjutant, lesser adjutant, northern pintail, Pallas’s fish-eagle, Eurasian griffon, osprey, crested serpent-eagle, spot-billed pelican, white-winged wood duck, Baer’s pochard, greater spotted eagle, Bengal florican, pale-capped pigeon, great pied hornbill, marsh babbler, etc.
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Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is situated around 42 kms from Guwahati, in the plains of River Brahmaputra in the district of Morigaon in Awesome Assam. Legend has it that the King of Mayong gave the name ‘Pobitara’ to the forest after his lovely daughter who died in her youth. In 1971, the forest was declared a reserve forest to protect the famous rhinos. In 1987, Pobitora was declared as the Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary. The extent of the Protected area is 38.81 sq km. Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is mainly famous for its great Indian one horned Rhinoceros and has the Highest Population Density of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros anywhere in the World! Besides Rhinoceros the other animals found are Asiatic Buffalo, Leopard, Wild bear, civet cat etc. The Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is also home to more than 375 resident and migratory birds such as Indian pied hornbill, osprey, hill myna, kalij pheasant. Due to its rich birdlife, Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is also called as the ‘Bharatpur of the East‘. Various species of reptiles to be found at the Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary in Awesome Assam are the likes of the Indian python, common monitor lizard, Indian tent turtle, Indian cobra are also found at the Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary in Awesome Assam.